Boundary-Layer Group (BL Group)

Prof Sue Grimmond

Professor of Urban Meteorology

Office: 2L77

Extension: 6248

Web Pages:



Editor JAOT

Research Interests:

  • Micrometeorology
  • Hydroclimatology
  • Boundary Layer Meteorology

Research Projects:

  • NERC ClearfLo Eddy covariance, scintillometry, ceilometry, other micromet observations in London
  • EU emBRACE - Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe
  • LCCP Observing London: Weather data needed for London to thrive
  • NERC Hi-TEMP High Density Measurements within the Urban Environment
  • Belmont TRUC
  • Belmont Metropole
  • EU Bridge SustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism
  • EU MegaPoli Megacities: Emissions, urban, regional and Global Atmospheric POLlution and climate effects, and Integrated tools for assessment and mitigation
  • NSF

Postdoctoral & graduate student supervision

Other interests

  • Observations: Eddy covariance, scintillometry, radiation
  • Land surface modelling: evaporation, storage heat flux, boundary layer height, sensible heat flux, water balance
  • Remote sensing: scintillometetry, lidar/ceilometer, thermal


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Recent Publications:

Jump to: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010
Number of items: 18.


Best, M. J. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2013) Analysis of the seasonal cycle within the first international urban land-surface model comparison. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 146 (3). pp. 421-446. ISSN 1573-1472 doi: 10.1007/s10546-012-9769-7

Loridan, T., Lindberg, F., Jorba, O., Kotthaus, S., Grossman-Clarke, S. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2013) High resolution simulation of the variability of surface energy balance fluxes across central London with urban zones for energy partitioning. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 147 (3). pp. 493-523. ISSN 0006-8314 doi: 10.1007/s10546-013-9797-y

Muller, C. L., Chapman, L., Grimmond, C. S. B., Young, D. T. and Cai, X. (2013) Sensors and the city: a review of urban meteorological networks. International Journal of Climatology, 33 (7). pp. 1585-1600. ISSN 08998418 doi: 10.1002/joc.3678

Chrysoulakis, N., Lopes, M., San José, R., Grimmond, C. S. B., Jones, M. B., Magliulo, V., Klostermann, J. E.M., Synnefa, A., Mitraka, Z., Castro, E. A., González, A., Vogt, R., Vesala, T., Spano, D., Pigeon, G., Freer-Smith, P., Staszewski, T., Hodges, N., Mills, G. and Cartalis, C. (2013) Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning: the BRIDGE project. Landscape and Urban Planning, 112. pp. 100-117. ISSN 01692046 doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.005


Chen, F., Bornstein, R., Grimmond, S., Li, J., Liang, X., Martilli, A., Miao, S., Voogt, J. and Wang, Y. (2012) Research priorities in observing and modeling urban weather and climate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (11). pp. 1725-1728. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00217.1

Kotthaus, S. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2012) Identification of micro-scale anthropogenic CO2, heat and moisture sources – processing eddy covariance fluxes for a dense urban environment. Atmospheric Environment, 57. pp. 301-316. ISSN 1352-2310 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.04.024

Loridan, T. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2012) Characterization of energy flux partitioning in urban environments: links with surface seasonal properties. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51 (2). pp. 219-241. ISSN 1558-8432 doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-038.1

Ward, H. C., Evans, J. G. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2012) Multi-season eddy covariance observations of energy, water and carbon fluxes over a suburban area in Swindon, UK. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 12 (11). pp. 29147-29201. ISSN 1680-7375 doi: 10.5194/acpd-12-29147-2012

Wood, C. R., Pauscher, L., Ward, H. C., Kotthaus, S., Barlow, J., Gouvea, M., Lane, S. E. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2012) Wind observations above an urban river using a new lidar technique, scintillometry and anemometry. Science of the Total Environment, 442. pp. 527-533. ISSN 0048-9697 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.10.061 (In Press)


Järvi, L., Grimmond, C. S. B. and Christen, A. (2011) The surface urban energy and water balance scheme (SUEWS): evaluation in Los Angeles and Vancouver. Journal of Hydrology, 411 (3-4). pp. 219-237. ISSN 0022-1694 doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.10.001

Helfter, C., Famulari, D., Phillips, G. J., Barlow, J. F., Wood, C., Grimmond, C. S. B. and Nemitz, E. (2011) Controls of carbon dioxide concentrations and fluxes above central London. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (5). pp. 1913-1928. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: 10.5194/acp-11-1913-2011

Crawford, B., Grimmond, C. S. B. and Christen, A. (2011) Five years of carbon dioxide fluxes measurements in a highly vegetated suburban area. Atmospheric Environment, 45 (4). pp. 896-905. ISSN 1352-2310 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.017

Grimmond, C. S. B., Blackett, M., Best, M. J., Baik, J. J., Belcher, S. E., Beringer, J., Bohnenstengel, S. I., Calmet, I., Chen, F., Coutts, A., Dandou, A., Fortuniak, K., Gouvea, M. L., Hamdi, R., Hendry, M., Kanda, M., Kawai, T., Kawamoto, Y., Kondo, H., Krayenhoff, E. S., Lee, S. H., Loridan, T., Martilli, A., Masson, V., Miao, S., Oleson, K., Ooka, R., Pigeon, G., Porson, A., Ryu, Y. H., Salamanca, F., Steeneveld, G. J., Tombrou, M., Voogt, J. A., Young, D.T. and Zhang, N. (2011) Initial results from Phase 2 of the international urban energy balance model comparison. International Journal of Climatology, 31 (2). pp. 244-272. ISSN 1097-0088 doi: 10.1002/joc.2227

Cleugh, H. and Grimmond, S. (2011) Urban climates and global climate change. In: Henderson-Sellers, A. and McGuffie, K. (eds.) The future of the world's climate. 2nd edition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 47-76. ISBN 9781283347952 doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-386917-3.00003-8


Wood, C. R., Lacser, A., Barlow, J. F., Padhra, A., Belcher, S. E., Nemitz, E., Helfter, C., Famulari, D. and Grimmond, C.S.B. (2010) Turbulent flow at 190 m height above London during 2006-2008: A climatology and the applicability of similarity theory. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 137 (1). pp. 77-96. ISSN 0006-8314 doi: 10.1007/s10546-010-9516-x

Grimmond, C.S.B., Blackett, M., Best, M. J., Barlow, J., Baik, J.-J., Belcher, S. E., Bohnenstengel, S. I., Calmet, I., Chen, F., Dandou, A., Fortuniak, K., Gouvea, M. L., Hamdi, R., Hendry, M., Kawai, T., Kawamoto, Y., Kondo, H., Krayenhoff, E. S., Lee, S.-H., Loridan, T., Martilli, A., Masson, V., Miao, S., Oleson, K., Pigeon, G., Porson, A., Ryu, Y.-H., Salamanca, F., Shashua-Bar, L., Steeneveld, G.-J., Tombrou, M., Voogt, J., Young, D. and Zhang, N. (2010) The International Urban Energy Balance Models Comparison Project: First Results from Phase 1. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49 (6). pp. 1268-1292. ISSN 1558-8432 doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2354.1

Loridan, T., Grimmond, C. S. B., Grossman-Clarke, S., Chen, F., Tewari, M., Manning, K., Martilli, A., Kusaka, H. and Best, M. (2010) Trade-offs and responsiveness of the single-layer urban canopy parametrization in WRF: an offline evaluation using the MOSCEM optimization algorithm and field observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136 (649). pp. 997-1019. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.614

Allen, L., Lindberg, F. and Grimmond, C. S. B. (2010) Global to city scale urban anthropogenic heat flux: model and variability. International Journal of Climatology, 31 (13). pp. 1990-2005. ISSN 1097-0088 doi: 10.1002/joc.2210

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BLMet research

  • Urban meteorology
  • Air-sea interactions
  • Orographic processes
  • Mesoscale processes