Decoded British Isles SYNOP weather reports

Weather data for 2018Jul15-12Z 
Year Mon Da ZZ Site  N dd ff VV  temp  dewp   mslp  ptendency ww WW  Rain H  maxT  minT  Tg sss* GG GGh ffu
2018 Jul 15 12 03002 / // // 71  18.3  16.3 1011.8  +0.3 nowS       001.0 1                             kn  AWS Baltasound
2018 Jul 15 12 03005 7 18 03 75  19.1  16.4 1011.5  +0.1 nowF 02 52    .4 1                             kn      Lerwick
2018 Jul 15 12 03008 / 16 08 80  18.0  14.7 1011.6  -0.1 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Fair Isle
2018 Jul 15 12 03010 / 16 05 //  14.7  13.9 1010.2  +0.2 nowR // //                              31 WW  kn  AWS Sule Skerry
2018 Jul 15 12 03017 / 16 05 82  20.4  17.1 1011.0  +0.1 R             .0 1                             kn  AWS Kirkwall
2018 Jul 15 12 03023 / 20 19 76  16.7  16.2 1009.0  +0.0 S             .2 1                      26 WW  kn  AWS South Uist Range
2018 Jul 15 12 03026 / 19 13 59  14.6  14.3 1009.4  +0.1 nowS 10 //    .6 1                             kn  AWS Stornoway
2018 Jul 15 12 03031 / 11 08 84  18.6  16.5 1010.5  -0.3 nowF 23 // 001.0 1                             kn  AWS Loch Glascarnoch
2018 Jul 15 12 03034 / 19 09 58  17.1  15.5 1010.5  +0.2 nowS 23 //    .6 1                             kn  AWS Aultbea
2018 Jul 15 12 03039 / 20 15 //  12.6  12.6                   // //                                     kn  AWS Bealach No Ba
2018 Jul 15 12 03044 / 18 03 81  19.9  16.7 1010.2  -0.2 nowF 81 // 001.0 1                             kn  AWS Altnaharra
2018 Jul 15 12 03047 / 19 08 78  18.1  16.0 1012.1  +0.0 nowF 23 // 003.0 1                             kn  AWS Tulloch Bridge
2018 Jul 15 12 03062 / 20 05 76  19.4  17.5 1010.9  +0.0 nowF 62 //    tr 1                             kn  AWS Tain Range
2018 Jul 15 12 03063 / 22 04 78  19.1  15.5 1011.2  -0.0 nowR 23 //    tr 1                             kn  AWS Aviemore
2018 Jul 15 12 03065 / 20 24 //  11.3  11.2                   // //                                     kn  AWS Cairngorm
2018 Jul 15 12 03066 / 29 08 74  20.2  16.1 1010.9  -0.3 F    81 //    tr 1                             kn  AWS Kinloss
2018 Jul 15 12 03068 8 23 11 84  22.2  14.2 1010.8  -0.4 nowS 02 82    tr 1                             kn      Lossiemouth
2018 Jul 15 12 03072 / 20 22 //  12.0  12.0                   // //                                     kn  AWS Cairnwell
2018 Jul 15 12 03075 / 15 07 78  20.0  16.4 1010.7  -0.1 F             tr 1                             kn  AWS Wick
2018 Jul 15 12 03080 / 22 10 82  21.3  13.9 1011.5  -0.1 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Aboyne
2018 Jul 15 12 03088 / // // 80  19.2  14.2 1012.4  -0.3 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Inverbervie
2018 Jul 15 12 03091 / 21 14 81  25.8  14.3 1010.9  -0.4 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Aberdeen Dyce
2018 Jul 15 12 03100 / 18 11 59  15.1  15.1 1010.8  +0.0 nowF 10 // 002.0 1                             kn  AWS Tiree
2018 Jul 15 12 03105 / 14 10 56  15.2  15.2 1011.9  -0.1 F    // // 004.0 1                             kn  AWS Port Ellen
2018 Jul 15 12 03111 / // // 71  16.5  16.0 1012.2  -0.2 F    // // 004.0 1                      15 10m kn  AWS Machrihanish
2018 Jul 15 12 03132 / 18 12 44  16.5  15.5 1013.8  -0.2 nowS 51 //    tr 1                             kn  AWS West Freugh
2018 Jul 15 12 03134 / 20 07 56  17.3  16.3 1012.8  -0.3 F    04 // 002.0 1                             kn  AWS Glasgow Bishopton
2018 Jul 15 12 03136 / 19 06 40  18.5  17.0 1013.0  -0.3 nowS 23 //    .4 1                             kn  AWS Prestwick
2018 Jul 15 12 03144 / 22 08 82  18.9  16.1 1012.9  -0.2 nowF 81 //    .2 1                             kn  AWS Strathallan
2018 Jul 15 12 03148 / 16 12 //  13.6  13.6                   // //                                     kn  AWS Glen Ogle
2018 Jul 15 12 03153 / 20 11 60  16.7  14.4 1014.1  -0.1 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Dundrennan
2018 Jul 15 12 03155 / 21 11 79  17.5  14.4 1013.2  -0.5 nowS // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Drumalbin
2018 Jul 15 12 03158 / 21 12 84  24.7  14.4 1012.8  -0.7 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Charterhall
2018 Jul 15 12 03166 / 23 06 69  20.8  15.2 1012.9  -0.3 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Edinburgh Gogarbank
2018 Jul 15 12 03171 / 21 14 81  23.7  15.1 1012.3  -0.6 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Leuchars
2018 Jul 15 12 03204 7 21 07 57  15.8  13.7 1014.7  -0.1 nowS          .0 1                             kn      Ronaldsway
2018 Jul 15 12 03210 / 20 11 56  16.1  15.6 1015.1  -0.1 F    // //    .4 1                             kn  AWS St Bees Head
2018 Jul 15 12 03212 / 21 06 84  21.4  13.0 1014.6  -0.4 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Keswick
2018 Jul 15 12 03214 / 18 08 73  20.2  14.6 1015.5  -0.2 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Walney Island
2018 Jul 15 12 03220 / // // 84  23.5  12.7 1014.1  -0.5 nowS // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Carlisle
2018 Jul 15 12 03224 / 22 11 82  21.8  12.5 1013.3  -0.5 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Spadeadam
2018 Jul 15 12 03225 / 23 13 //  20.1  13.9 1014.9  -0.5 nowS // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Shap Fell
2018 Jul 15 12 03226 / 22 12 82  21.2  12.2 1014.4  -0.9 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Warcop Range
2018 Jul 15 12 03227 / 24 27 //  13.6   9.5                   // //                                     kn  AWS Great Dun Fell
2018 Jul 15 12 03316 / 31 04 84  22.6  13.4 1015.4  -0.8 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Crosby
2018 Jul 15 12 03318 / 24 09 //  22.7  13.2                   // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Blackpool
2018 Jul 15 12 03230 / 22 07 //  23.5  11.9 1013.2  -0.7 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Redesdale
2018 Jul 15 12 03238 / 24 05 82  24.9  10.0 1013.1  -0.7 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Albermarle
2018 Jul 15 12 03240 / 13 13 80  22.5  14.0 1013.4  -0.7 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Boulmer
2018 Jul 15 12 03257 / 22 09 72  24.7  10.5 1014.5  -1.0 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Leeming
2018 Jul 15 12 03265 / 22 10 84  24.8  10.7 1014.8  -0.8 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Topcliffe
2018 Jul 15 12 03275 / 20 07 83  25.2  12.4 1013.9  -0.8 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Loftus
2018 Jul 15 12 03281 / 20 12 //  23.3  10.7                   // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Fylingdales
2018 Jul 15 12 03292 / 11 07 //  20.2  14.6 1015.0  -0.6 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Bridlington
2018 Jul 15 12 03344 / 22 08 84  22.3  11.4 1014.9  -0.6 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Bingley
2018 Jul 15 12 03346 / 26 08 //  22.0  12.5                   // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Emley Moor No.2
2018 Jul 15 12 03373 / 21 10 80  25.5  11.9 1015.1  -0.7 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Scampton
2018 Jul 15 12 03377 1 22 09 80  25.6  11.4 1015.4  -0.8 nowF          .0 1                             kn      Waddington
2018 Jul 15 12 03379 / 20 06 71  26.3  12.9 1015.4  -0.9 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Cranwell
2018 Jul 15 12 03382 / 20 07 82  26.0  11.1 1014.7  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Leconfield
2018 Jul 15 12 03385 / 08 10 63  21.5  16.8 1015.5  -0.6 F    // //                                     kn  AWS Donna Nook
2018 Jul 15 12 03391 1 20 07 80  27.0  10.8 1015.4  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn      Coningsby
2018 Jul 15 12 03392 / 19 08 70  26.1  14.5 1015.7  -0.6 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Wainfleet
2018 Jul 15 12 03302 / 19 17 78  20.9  14.9 1015.2  -0.3 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Valley
2018 Jul 15 12 03301 / 21 20 71  22.5  15.8 1015.2  -0.4 F    // //    .0 1                      27 WW  kn  AWS Raf Mona
2018 Jul 15 12 03305 / 23 17 83  19.0  13.5 1015.8  -0.2 F             .0 1                      26 WW  kn  AWS Capel Curig
2018 Jul 15 12 03313 / 22 08 84  21.7  12.4 1015.6  -0.4 nowS // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Rhyl
2018 Jul 15 12 03321 / 25 07 83  25.0  11.3 1015.3  -1.1 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Hawarden
2018 Jul 15 12 03405 / 20 13 81  18.7  15.6 1016.4  -0.4 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Aberdaron
2018 Jul 15 12 03409 / 23 11 //  22.2  12.8 1015.5  -0.5 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Bala
2018 Jul 15 12 03410 / 22 13 83  20.1  10.4 1015.3  -0.6 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Lake Vrynwy
2018 Jul 15 12 03502 / 20 13 81  20.3  13.4 1016.0  -0.3 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Aberporth
2018 Jul 15 12 03503 / 24 08 82  21.8  13.0 1015.9  -0.8 nowS          .0 1                             kn  AWS Trawscoed
2018 Jul 15 12 03507 / 25 08 84  20.3  13.4 1016.3  -0.6 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Sennybridge
2018 Jul 15 12 03604 / 20 13 83  21.4  16.2 1016.6  -0.1 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Milford Haven
2018 Jul 15 12 03605 / 20 10 75  20.5  15.7 1017.3  -0.1 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Pembrey Sands
2018 Jul 15 12 03609 / 19 04 //  20.6  14.5 1017.8  -0.2 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Mumbles
2018 Jul 15 12 03716 / 24 06 81  21.9  13.0 1016.7  -0.5 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS St Athan
2018 Jul 15 12 03330 / 26 07 83  21.9  13.0 1015.6  -0.5 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Leek Thorncliffe
2018 Jul 15 12 03354 / 22 05 83  24.6  11.6 1015.7  -0.8 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Nottingham Wea Cen
2018 Jul 15 12 03414 / 24 07 74  24.2  10.2 1015.6  -1.0 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Shawbury
2018 Jul 15 12 03520 / 24 07 69  23.3  13.2 1016.2  -0.9 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Shobdon
2018 Jul 15 12 03522 / 26 05 73  24.2  11.8 1016.5  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Hereford Credenhill
2018 Jul 15 12 03529 / 23 04 82  24.4  12.0 1016.7  -0.8 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Pershore
2018 Jul 15 12 03535 / 25 04 80  24.5  11.3 1015.7  -0.9 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Coleshill
2018 Jul 15 12 03544 / 23 05 80  24.7  11.1 1015.8  -0.9 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Church Lawford
2018 Jul 15 12 03647 / 30 07 84  23.9  10.6 1015.7  -0.6 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Little Rissington
2018 Jul 15 12 03649 1 25 05 82  24.9  10.5 1016.0  -0.9 F             .0 1                             kn      Brize Norton
2018 Jul 15 12 03658 / 24 06 77  26.2   9.6 1015.8  -1.1 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Benson
2018 Jul 15 12 03660 / 29 04 68  25.9  13.7 1015.6  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS High Wycombe
2018 Jul 15 12 03462 / 22 07 80  26.5  11.7 1015.1  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Wittering
2018 Jul 15 12 03469 / 22 08 80  26.3  13.8 1015.7  -0.9 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Holbeach
2018 Jul 15 12 03482 2 13 04 70  26.2  10.4 1015.5  -1.1 nowF          .0 1                             kn      Marham
2018 Jul 15 12 03488 / 36 04 79  20.9  16.6 1016.0  -0.5 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Weybourne
2018 Jul 15 12 03590 / 17 08 82  26.9  10.6 1015.6  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Wattisham
2018 Jul 15 12 03684 / 20 07 83  27.0  10.5 1015.3  -1.1 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Andrewsfield
2018 Jul 15 12 03693 / 09 10 77  24.1  14.9 1016.2  -0.8 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Shoeburyness
2018 Jul 15 12 03707 / 29 11 83  23.0  12.7 1016.9  -0.6 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Chivenor
2018 Jul 15 12 03628 / 28 07 84  23.5  11.3 1016.7  -0.6 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Filton
2018 Jul 15 12 03710 / 25 06 84  22.2  11.0 1016.3  -0.5 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Liscombe
2018 Jul 15 12 03803 / 19 07 79  21.6  15.2 1017.0  -0.4 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Scilly St Marys
2018 Jul 15 12 03808 2 18 10 84  22.3  11.5 1016.9  -0.4 nowF          .0 1                             kn      Camborne
2018 Jul 15 12 03809 / 21 10 76  22.9  12.8 1017.0  -0.3 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Culdrose RNAS
2018 Jul 15 12 03823 / 18 08 82  22.7  14.1 1016.7  -0.3 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Cardinham
2018 Jul 15 12 03827 / 20 08 69  23.6  14.2 1017.7  -0.1 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Plymouth
2018 Jul 15 12 03840 / 25 05 83  23.4  11.1 1016.4  -0.6 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Dunkeswell
2018 Jul 15 12 03853 / 27 05 81  24.3  12.7 1016.6  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Yeovilton
2018 Jul 15 12 03672 1 24 04 82  27.5   7.9 1015.8  -1.0 nowF          .0 1                             kn      Northolt
2018 Jul 15 12 03740 / 24 07 //  24.6  12.8 1016.3  -0.8 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Lyneham
2018 Jul 15 12 03743 / 29 04 89  24.6  11.8 1016.3  -0.7 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Larkhill
2018 Jul 15 12 03746 / 28 06 81  24.3  11.0 1016.4  -0.7 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Boscombe Down
2018 Jul 15 12 03749 / 27 05 75  24.5   8.6 1016.4  -0.8 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Middle Wallop
2018 Jul 15 12 03761 / 16 04 74  25.2  11.3 1016.1  -0.8 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Odiham
2018 Jul 15 12 03768 / 03 04 74  26.1  10.9 1015.8  -0.9 nowF // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS South Farnborough
2018 Jul 15 12 03769 / 23 04 84  27.4  11.4 1015.7  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Charlwood
2018 Jul 15 12 03770 / // // //  27.7  10.2                   // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS St James Park
2018 Jul 15 12 03772 / 26 06 83  27.2   9.9 1015.9  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Heathrow
2018 Jul 15 12 03781 / 24 05 81  26.2   8.8 1015.7  -0.8 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Kenley
2018 Jul 15 12 03784 / 25 04 //  27.8  10.8 1015.4  -1.2 F    // //                                     kn  AWS Gravesend
2018 Jul 15 12 03796 / 11 06 //  21.3  14.8 1016.5  -0.5 nowF // //                                     kn  AWS Langdon Bay
2018 Jul 15 12 03857 / 25 06 82  19.9  15.9 1017.6  -0.2 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Isle of Portland
2018 Jul 15 12 03862 / 19 09 70  24.8  12.3 1016.4  -0.9 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Bournemouth Hurn
2018 Jul 15 12 03866 / 28 08 //  21.4  13.9 1016.7  -0.4 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS St Catherines Point
2018 Jul 15 12 03872 / 23 10 //  24.8  14.3 1016.3  -0.8 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Thorney Island
2018 Jul 15 12 03876 / 19 10 //  23.7  15.0 1016.5  -0.5 F    // //    .0 1                             kn  AWS Shoreham
2018 Jul 15 12 03882 / 19 06 75  25.1  12.8 1016.1  -0.7 F             .0 1                             kn  AWS Herstmonceux
2018 Jul 15 12 03894 0 04 05 75  23.3  13.6 1017.1  -0.3 nowF                                           kn      Guernsey Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03895 / 01 07 80  23.6  10.2 1016.9  -0.3 nowF          .0 1                             kn  AWS Jersey Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03901 / 19 09 83  17.1  16.2 1011.5  -0.5 nowS 62 // 005.0 1                             kn  AWS Thomastown
2018 Jul 15 12 03904 / 17 06 67  17.1  15.6 1011.5  -0.2 F    61 // 001.0 1                             kn  AWS Castlederg
2018 Jul 15 12 03907 / 21 12 63  17.8  16.2 1011.7  -0.1 nowS 62 // 003.0 1                             kn  AWS Magilligan
2018 Jul 15 12 03911 / 19 07 58  16.7  16.3 1012.3  -0.1 F    62 // 003.0 1                             kn  AWS Lough Fea
2018 Jul 15 12 03915 / 17 10 64  17.3  16.9 1012.0  -0.2 F    62 // 005.0 1                             kn  AWS Port Glenone
2018 Jul 15 12 03916 / 22 06 62  17.4  16.2 1012.3  -0.1 F    61 // 003.0 1                             kn  AWS Ballypatrick Forest
2018 Jul 15 12 03917 / 18 08 68  17.4  16.6 1012.7  -0.1 F    61 // 003.0 1                             kn  AWS Aldergrove
2018 Jul 15 12 03923 / 21 09 58  16.7  16.1 1012.4  -0.3 F    82 // 001.0 1                             kn  AWS Glennane
2018 Jul 15 12 03953 / 18 07 63  17.8  16.5 1012.6  -0.5 nowF 22 8/    .4 1                             m/s AWS Valentia
2018 Jul 15 12 03955 7 20 04 56  16.7  16.1 1014.1  -0.2 nowF 60 65 001.0 1                             m/s     Cork Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03956 / 22 05 80  19.3  15.1 1014.8  -0.2 nowF          .0 1                             m/s AWS Johnstown Castle
2018 Jul 15 12 03962 7 16 05 68  19.1  17.1 1012.7  -0.3 F    02 62 005.0 1                             m/s     Shannon Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03967 7 22 05 80  18.9  15.2 1013.5  -0.3 F    50 52    tr 1                             m/s     Casement Aerodrome
2018 Jul 15 12 03969 7 15 03 50  17.6  16.1 1014.0  -0.2 F    58 65 001.0 1                             m/s     Dublin Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03973 8 19 06 70  16.8  15.8 1011.6  -0.4 F    60 62 001.0 1                             m/s     Connaught Airport
2018 Jul 15 12 03976 / 27 04 33  14.6  14.3 1011.0  +0.8 R    10 81 003.0 1                             m/s AWS Belmullet
2018 Jul 15 12 03952 / 21 04 32  16.8  16.1 1014.2  -0.1 nowF 81 85 001.0 1                             m/s AWS Roches Point
2018 Jul 15 12 03970 / 21 06 //  17.1  16.3 1011.5  -0.4 F    // //    .4 1                             m/s AWS Claremorris
2018 Jul 15 12 03971 / 20 02 56  17.5  16.6 1012.8  -0.6 F    62 86 002.0 1                             m/s AWS Mullingar
2018 Jul 15 12 03978 / 17 05 64  18.5  14.9 1011.0  -0.6 nowS 03 65 003.0 1                             m/s AWS Finner
2018 Jul 15 12 03961 / 18 05 57  17.8  16.4 1014.1  -0.3 nowF 81 85    .5 1                             m/s AWS Oak Park
2018 Jul 15 12 03979 / 22 02 62  17.7  16.7 1012.3  -0.6 F    61 86 001.0 1                             m/s AWS Ballyhaise
2018 Jul 15 12 03966 / 21 03 81  17.7  15.3 1013.0  -0.4 F    81 8/ 002.0 1                             m/s AWS Gurteen
2018 Jul 15 12 03963 / 29 04 59  15.7  14.9 1011.6  +0.4 nowR 81 81    .4 1                             m/s AWS Mace Head
2018 Jul 15 12 03951 / 20 04 72  17.2  16.5 1013.9  -0.2 nowF 22 86 005.0 1                             m/s AWS Sherkin Island
2018 Jul 15 12 03980 / 19 08 78  18.0  16.1 1010.6  -0.6 nowF 22 86 003.0 1                             m/s AWS Malin Head
Year Mon Da ZZ Site  N dd ff VV  temp  dewp   mslp  ptendency ww WW  Rain H  maxT  minT  Tg sss* GG GGh ffu

AWS in place name - Automatic Weather Station (different ww codes)

Year - year
Mon - month
Da - day of month
ZZ - observation time (GMT)
Site - WMO site number
N - cloud cover (oktas, 9=obscured)
dd - wind direction (deg)
ff - wind speed (see ffu)
VV - visibility (code)
temp - air temperature (C)
dewp - dew point (C)
mslp - mean sea level pressure (mb)
ptendency - 3-hour pressure change (mb) and tendency
ww - current weather (code)
ww - current weather (AWS)(code)
WW - past weather (code)
Rain - total precipitation (mm)
H - 1: 6h precipitation measurement; 2: 12h precipitation measurement
maxT - maximum temperature (C)
minT - air minimum temperature (C)
Tg - grass minimum temperature (C)
sss - sunshine for the previous day (h)
GG - maximum wind gust
GGh - period of gust; 10minutes or W1W2 period
ffu - wind units; m/s or kn.

See here for summary details of the month so far.


This page is maintained by r.brugge@reading.ac.uk